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Individual pilot licenses are given in the nation where the pilot receives training. Two primary categories of pilot licensing authority are permitted to do so: ICAO members and non-ICAO members. Most of the world’s nations entrust the management and mitigation of civil aviation-related problems to the international civil aviation organization, ICAO.

There may be two or even three state organizations that issue pilot licenses concurrently in the same nation. Each organization may have a unique ICAO membership or authorization status.

If you are keen on a career as a private pilot, then yes, it is pretty necessary. You do not need a license from an ICAO member body if you are an Air Force pilot or a sports pilot who only flies for competitions. Take into account that, according to the UN Law on Enhanced Security in Land and Air Transport, falsifying a pilot’s license is illegal.

Types of licenses

The Federal Aviation Administration issues four categories of private pilot licenses in the United States:

  • Sports Pilot License – SPL
  • Private Pilot License – PPL
  • Commercial Pilot License – CPL
  • Airline Transport Pilot License – ATPL

All licenses granted by the FAA are eligible for use in civil aviation since they completely conform with the ICAO licensing standards. Not everything is straightforward, though; FAA licenses are subject to some limitations when used in different international airspaces. Since ICAO licenses are given by ICAO countries, they may theoretically be used to fly anywhere with the same rights as a pilot’s license.

However, only if the following conditions are met:

  1. The aircraft the pilot is flying is registered under the US flag;
  2. The pilot is flying an aircraft registered under the flag of another country, and he has an FAA license supplement in the form of validation of the pilot’s license from the relevant licensing authority of that country;
  3. The pilot has a full conversion issued by the relevant licensing authority.
private pilot requirements

How to receive the FAA? The list of PPL requirements

A pilot who has recently finished flight testing, a ground flight instructor training program, and the authorized scheme of the Federal Aviation Regulation is eligible for a private or commercial license regardless of citizenship or country.

  • For flying, the minimum age-eligible for a student pilot’s license is 16 (airplanes, helicopters, and gyroplanes), whereas the age for balloons and gliders is 14. For powered flights, the minimum age to become a private pilot is 17 (airplanes, helicopters, and gyroplanes), whereas, for balloons and gliders, it is 16. Pilots can begin training at any age, and they can begin flying balloons, gliders, and airplanes at 14 and 16, respectively.
  • You must be proficient in reading, writing, speaking, and understanding English. The controller may impose any operating restrictions on the individual’s pilot license if the candidate is unable to fulfill one of these criteria owing to a medical condition.
  • Obtain a logbook approval from an authorized person’s trainer who: performed the preparation, and evaluated the person’s private research on the aerodynamic subject areas mentioned in section61.105(b) that pertain to the aircraft score sought, and certified that the person is ready for the written exam.
  • You must successfully complete the necessary knowledge test on the aeronautics-related subjects. Additionally, you must get flying training from a qualified instructor who instructed you in the areas of operation related to the desired aircraft rating as indicated in section 61.107(b) in order for the student to be prepared for the necessary skills exam.
  • You must meet the aviation competency requirements of the element that apply to the desired aircraft rating before signing up for the practical exam. You must pass a practical exam that applies to the desired aircraft rating and covers the operational areas listed in 61.107(b) of this section. The applicable provisions of this section applicable to the desired aircraft class and class rating shall apply to you.
  • You must own a sport, recreational, or student pilot license issued in the United States.
ppl requirements

Understanding of aviation principles for a private pilot license

A person must either complete a self-study course or acquire ground training in the aeronautical fields of knowledge and class certification from a certified instructor and document it. You must get a score of 70% or higher on a knowledge test consisting of 60 various questions at a computerized testing center approved by the FAA.

  1. Federal Aviation Regulations that apply to private pilot rights, restrictions, and flying activities;
  2. standards for the National Transportation Safety Board’s accident reporting;
  3. referencing the pertinent sections of the “Aeronautical Information Manual” and FAA guidance documents;
  4. VFR navigation employing pilotage and radio communication techniques;
  5. identifying dangerous weather conditions both on the ground and in-flight and obtaining and using aeronautical weather data and predictions;
  6. operating an aircraft safely and effectively includes recognizing and avoiding wake turbulence, avoiding collisions;
  7. calculate the balance and weight;
  8. know principles of aviation systems, engines, and aerodynamics;
  9. for the ratings for the aircraft and glider categories, stall awareness, spin entrance, spins, and spin recovery procedures;

Aerospace judgment and conviction are required, as well as preflight actions such as how to gather data on distances, weather updates and projections, energy criteria, and runway durations at airports of intentional use. You also need to know how to arrange alternative solutions if the scheduled flight cannot be completed or encounters delays.

Ability to fly as one of the private pilot requirements

For an aircraft type rating with a single-engine class rating, the following requirements must be met:

  • flight planning preparatory work;
  • preflight practices;
  • airside and seaplane foundation processes;
  • takeoffs, landings;
  • performance ploys;
  • navigation;
  • emergency and night operations;

Aviation experience for private pilot airplane

A minimum of 40 hours of documented flight time is required, of which at least 20 hours must have been spent learning from a licensed instructor and 10 hours must have been spent honing solo flying skills in the operating zones.

The training must include at least three hours of cross-country and night flying practice in a single-engine aircraft, as well as ten commercial flights and ten landings that come to a complete stop at an airport.

  • 3 hours of training in a single plane on how to fly levels and direct, ascend and descend at a constant speed, turn in a particular direction, return from unusual flying angles, converse through radio, and make use of navigators and radar systems suitable for instrument flight;
  • 3 hours of flying instruction with a certified instructor in a single-engine aircraft in advance of the practical test, which must have been completed within the two months before the test month.
  • 10 hours of solo flight time in a single-engine aircraft, which must include at least 5 hours of cross-country solo flight time, one solo cross-country flight of 150 nautical miles traveled with full-stop landings at three points, and one segment of the flight with a straight-line distance between the takeoff and landing places of more than 50 nautical miles;
  • 3 takeoffs and 3 landings to a complete stop at an airport with a functioning command center.

Two more aircraft activities that the FAA does not mandate certification for but which frequently need additional training are aerobatics and glider towing. Furthermore, the FAA does not demand permission for particular commercial activities like banner towing. A permit under Part 137 Federal Aviation is required for aerial application, regardless of whether it is carried out by a hired commercial license holder or a private pilot flying a crop in which he owns a substantial interest.


Does a private pilot have to record every flying hour?

In other words, the FARs mandate that you record the date, time, airport(s) of departure and arrival, make, model, and identity of the aircraft, as well as the name of the safety pilot, if necessary. Additionally, you must record the type of pilot experience—such as PIC—and the flying circumstances—such as day, night, or instrument—in your logbook.

For a private pilot, how many solo hours are required? 

10 hours minimum of solo flight time is required.

Is intelligence a need for becoming a pilot?

“Very outstanding intellect” is defined as having an IQ between 120 and 140, which is exactly the kind of intelligence you would anticipate a pilot to possess. Pilots must be knowledgeable individuals since flight school is a lengthy procedure, at least in terms of the aviation sector.